Harnessing Fluid-Driven Vesicles To Pick Up and Drop Off Janus Particles

I Salib and X Yong and EJ Crabb and NM Moellers and GT McFarlin and O Kuksenok and AC Balazs, ACS NANO, 7, 1224-1238 (2013).

DOI: 10.1021/nn304622f

Using dissipative particle dynamics (DPD) simulations, we model the Interaction between nanoscopic lipid vesicles and Janus nanopartIcles in the presence of an imposed flow. Both the vesicle and Janus nanoparticles are localized on a hydrophilic substrate and immersed in a hydrophilic solution. The fluid-driven vesicle successfully picks up Janus particles on the substrate and transports these particles as cargo along the surface. The vesicle can carry up to four particles as its payload. Hence, the vesicles can act as nanoscopic "vacuum cleaners", collecting nanoscopic debris localized on the floors of the fluidic devices. Importantly, these studies reveal how an imposed flow can facilitate the Incorporation of nanoparticles into nanoscale vesicles. With the introduction of a "sticky'' domain on the substrate, the vesicles can also robustly drop off and deposit the particles on the surface. The controlled pickup and delivery of nanoparticles via lipid vesicles can play an important step in the bottom-up assembly of these nanoparticles within small-scale fluidic devices.

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