Molecular dynamics investigation on edge stress and shape transition in graphene nanoribbons
MC Wang and C Yan and L Ma and N Hu, COMPUTATIONAL MATERIALS SCIENCE, 68, 138-141 (2013).
Graphene nanoribbon (GNR) with free edges demonstrates unique pre- existing edge energy and edge stress, leading to non-flat morphologies. Using molecular dynamics (MD) methods, we evaluated edge energies as well as edge stresses for four different edge types, including regular edges (armchair and zig-zag), armchair edge terminated with hydrogen and reconstructed armchair. The results showed that compressive stress exists in the regular and hydrogen-terminated edges along the edge direction. In contrast, the reconstructed armchair edge is generally subject to tension. Furthermore, we also investigated shape transition between flat and rippled configurations of GNRs with different free edges. It was found that the pre-existing stress at free edges can greatly influence the initial energy state and the shape transition. (C) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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