Vibrational spectra of methane clathrate hydrates from molecular dynamics simulation

JA Greathouse and RT Cygan and BA Simmons, JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY B, 110, 6428-6431 (2006).

DOI: 10.1021/jp060471t

Molecular dynamics simulations were performed on methane clathrate hydrates at ambient conditions. Thermal expansion results over the temperature range 60-300 K show that the unit cell volume increases with temperature in agreement with experiment. Power spectra were obtained at 273 K from velocity autocorrelation functions for selected atoms, and normal modes were assigned. The spectra were further classified according to individual atom types, allowing the assignment of contributions from methane molecules located in small and large cages within the structure 1 unit cell. The symmetric C-H stretch of methane in the small cages occurs at a higher frequency than for methane located in the large cages, with a peak separation of 14 cm(-1). Additionally, we determined that the symmetric C-H stretch in methane gas occurs at the same frequency as methane in the large cages. Results of molecular dynamics simulations indicate the use of power spectra obtained from the velocity autocorrelation function is a reliable method to investigate the vibrational behavior of guest molecules in clathrate hydrates.

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