Kinetics and energy states of nanoclusters in the initial stage of homogeneous condensation at high supersaturation degrees

AG Vorontsov and BR Gel'chinskii and AE Korenchenko, JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL AND THEORETICAL PHYSICS, 115, 789-797 (2012).

DOI: 10.1134/S1063776112100160

The condensation of metal vapor in an inert gas is studied by the molecular dynamics method. Two condensation regimes are investigated: with maintenance of partial pressure of the metal vapor and with a fixed number of metal atoms in the system. The main focus is the study of the cluster energy distribution over the degrees of freedom and mechanisms of the establishment of thermal equilibrium. It is shown that the internal temperature of a cluster considerably exceeds the buffer gas temperature and the thermal balance is established for a time considerably exceeding the nucleation time. It is found that, when the metal vapor concentration exceeds 0.1 of the argon concentration, the growth of clusters with the highest possible internal energy occurs, the condensation rate being determined only by the rate of heat removal from clusters. DOI: 10.1134/S1063776112100160

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