Atomistic characterization of the chemically heterogeneous Al-Pb solid- liquid interface

Y Yang and DL Olmsted and M Asta and BB Laird, ACTA MATERIALIA, 60, 4960-4971 (2012).

DOI: 10.1016/j.actamat.2012.05.016

The chemically heterogeneous interface between solid Al and liquid Pb at 625 K is examined by using molecular-dynamics simulation. For the interfacial orientations (1 0 0), (1 1 0) and (1 1 1), we characterize the interface by calculating the density, potential energy, stress and diffusion constant profiles as well as a two-dimensional Fourier analysis of the interfacial layers. Our results are consistent with experimental observations Acta Mater 2001;49:4259, based on the equilibrium shape of liquid Pb inclusions in solid Al just above the melting temperature of Pb, that the (1 1 1) interface is faceted, while the (1 0 0) and (1 1 0) interfaces are rough. We found that Al and Pb form immiscible two-dimensional domains within the interfacial layers, rather than an intermixed interfacial alloy, as was observed in recent simulations of the Cu-Pb interface Acta Mater 2011;59:3137. In addition, in contrast to earlier observations on the (1 1 1) Cu-Pb interface at this temperature, no prefreezing layers are found in Al-Pb interfaces for any of the orientations studied. (C) 2012 Published by Elsevier Ltd. on behalf of Acta Materialia Inc.

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