Multiwavelength anomalous diffraction and diffraction anomalous fine structure to study composition and strain of semiconductor nanostructures

V Favre-Nicolin and MG Proietti and C Leclere and NA Katcho and MI Richard and H Renevier, EUROPEAN PHYSICAL JOURNAL-SPECIAL TOPICS, 208, 189-216 (2012).

DOI: 10.1140/epjst/e2012-01619-x

The aim of this paper is to illustrate the use of Multi-Wavelength Anomalous Diffraction (MAD) and Diffraction Anomalous Fine Structure (DAFS) spectroscopy for the study of structural properties of semiconductor nanostructures. We give a brief introduction on the basic principles of these techniques providing a detailed bibliography. Then we focus on the data reduction and analysis and we give specific examples of their application on three different kinds of semiconductor nanostructures: Ge/Si nanoislands, AlN capped GaN/AlN Quantum Dots and AlGaN/AlN Nanowires. We show that the combination of MAD and DAFS is a very powerful tool to solve the structural problem of these materials of high technological impact. In particular, the effects of composition and strain on diffraction are disentangled and composition can be determined in a reliable way, even at the interface between nanostructure and substrate. We show the great possibilities of this method and give the reader the basic tools to undertake its use.

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