Orientational Order and Alignment of Elongated Particles Induced by Shear
T Borzsonyi and B Szabo and G Toros and S Wegner and J Torok and E Somfai and T Bien and R Stannarius, PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS, 108, 228302 (2012).
Shear induced alignment of elongated particles is studied experimentally and numerically. We show that shear alignment of ensembles of macroscopic particles is comparable even on a quantitative level to simple molecular systems, despite the completely different types of particle interactions. We demonstrate that for dry elongated grains the preferred orientation forms a small angle with the streamlines, independent of shear rate across three decades. For a given particle shape, this angle decreases with increasing aspect ratio of the particles. The shear-induced alignment results in a considerable reduction of the effective friction of the granular material.
Return to Publications page