Tribological properties of alkylsilane self-assembled monolayers
CD Lorenz and M Chandross and GS Grest and MJ Stevens and EB Webb, LANGMUIR, 21, 11744-11748 (2005).
In this study, we perform molecular dynamics simulations of adhesive contact and friction between alkylsilane Si(OH)(3)(CX2)(10)CX3 and alkoxylsilane Si(OH)(2)(CX2)(10)CX3 (where X = I or F) self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) on an amorphous silica substrate. The alkylsilane SAMs are primarily hydrogen-bonded or physisorbed to the surface. The alkoxylsilane SAMs are covalently bonded or chemisorbed to the surface. Previously, we studied the chemisorbed systems. In this work, we study the physisorbed systems and compare the tribological properties with the chemisorbod systems. Furthermore. we examine how water at the interface of the SAMs and substrate affects the tribological properties of the physisorbed systems. When less than a third of a monolayer is present, very little difference in the microscopic friction coefficient mu or shear stresses is observed. For increasing amounts of water, the values of mu and the shear stresses decrease; this effect is somewhat more pronounced for fluorocarbon alkylsilane SAMs than for the hydrocarbon SAMs. The observed decrease in friction is a consequence of it slip plane that occurs in the water as the amount of water is increased. We studied the frictional behavior using relative shear velocities ranging from v = 2 cm/s to 2 nits. Similar to previously reported results for alkoxylsilane SAMs, the values of the measured stress and mu for the alkylsilane SAM systems decrease monotonically with v.
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