Local structural transformations in the fcc lattice in various contact interaction. Molecular dynamics study

SG Psakhie and KP Zolnikov and AI Dmitriev and DS Kryzhevich and AY Nikonov, PHYSICAL MESOMECHANICS, 15, 147-154 (2012).

DOI: 10.1134/S1029959912020026

The work is a molecular dynamics study of the peculiarities of local structural transformations in a copper crystallite at the atomic level in contact interaction of various types: shear loading of perfectly conjugate surfaces, local shear loading and nanoindentation. Interatomic interaction is described in the framework of the embedded atom method. It is shown that initial accommodation of the loaded crystallite proceeds through local structural transformations giving rise to higher- rank defects such as dislocations, stacking faults, interfaces, etc. In further plastic deformation, the structural defects propagate from the contact zone to the crystallite bulk. The egress of structural defects to a free surface causes deformation of the model crystallite. The deformation pattern can evolve, depending on the loading conditions, with a change in crystallographic orientation of the crystallite near the contact zone, generation of misoriented nano-sized regions, and eventually formation of a stable nanostructural state. The obtained results allow conceptually new understanding of the nature of defect generation in a crystalline structure during the nucleation and development of plastic deformation in loaded materials.

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