Twisting graphene nanoribbons into carbon nanotubes
OO Kit and T Tallinen and L Mahadevan and J Timonen and P Koskinen, PHYSICAL REVIEW B, 85, 085428 (2012).
Although carbon nanotubes consist of honeycomb carbon, they have never been fabricated from graphene directly. Here, it is shown by quantum molecular-dynamics simulations and classical continuum-elasticity modeling, that graphene nanoribbons can, indeed, be transformed into carbon nanotubes by means of twisting. The chiralities of the tubes thus fabricated can be not only predicted but also externally controlled. This twisting route is an opportunity for nanofabrication, and is easily generalizable to ribbons made of other planar nanomaterials.
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