Shear viscosity enhancement in water-nanoparticle suspensions

G Balasubramanian and S Sen and IK Puri, PHYSICS LETTERS A, 376, 860-863 (2012).

DOI: 10.1016/j.physleta.2011.12.041

Equilibrium molecular dynamics simulations characterize the increase in the shear viscosity of water around a suspended silicon dioxide nanoparticle. Water layering on the solid surface decreases the fraction of adjacent fluid molecules that are more mobile and hence less viscous, thereby increasing the shear viscosity. The contribution of the nanoparticle surface area to this rheological behavior is identified and an empirical model that accounts for it is provided. The model successfully reproduces the shear viscosity predictions from previous experimental measurements as well as our simulations. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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