Alternating Shear Orientation During Cyclic Loading Facilitates Yielding in Amorphous Materials


DOI: 10.1007/s11665-020-05138-5

The influence of alternating shear orientation and strain amplitude of cyclic loading on yielding in amorphous solids is investigated using molecular dynamics simulations. The model glass is represented via a binary mixture that was rapidly cooled well below the glass transition temperature and then subjected to oscillatory shear deformation. It was shown that periodic loading at strain amplitudes above the critical value first induces structural relaxation via irreversible displacements of clusters of atoms during a number of transient cycles, followed by an increase in potential energy due to the formation of a system-spanning shear band. Upon approaching the critical strain amplitude from above, the number of transient cycles required to reach the yielding transition increases. Interestingly, it was found that when the shear orientation is periodically alternated in two or three dimensions, the number of transient cycles is reduced but the critical strain amplitude remains the same as in the case of periodic shear along a single plane. After the yielding transition, the material outside the shear band continues strain-induced relaxation, except when the shear orientation is alternated in three dimensions and the glass is deformed along the shear band with the imposed strain amplitude every third cycle.

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