Displacement cascade evolution in tungsten with pre-existing helium and hydrogen clusters: a molecular dynamics study
M Abu-Shams and J Moran and I Shabib, INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MATERIALS RESEARCH, 111, 698-705 (2020).
The effects of radiation damage on bcc tungsten with preexisting helium and hydrogen clusters have been investigated in a high-energy environment via a comprehensive molecular dynamics simulation study. This research determines the interactions of displacement cascades with helium and hydrogen clusters integrated into a tungsten crystal generating point defect statistics. Helium or hydrogen clusters of atoms similar to 0.1 % of the total number of atoms have been randomly distributed within the simulation model and primary knock-on-atom (PKA) energies of 2.5, 5, 7.5 and 10 keV have been used to generate displacement cascades. The simulations quantify the extent of radiation damage during a simulated irradiation cycle using the Wigner-Seitz point defect identification technique. The generated point defects in crystals with and without pre-existing helium/hydrogen defects exhibit a power relationship with applied PICA energy. The point defects are classified by their atom type, defect type, and distribution within the irradiated model. The presence of pre-existing helium and hydrogen clusters significantly increases the defects (5-15 times versus pure tungsten models). The vacancy composition is primarily tungsten (e.g., similar to 70% at 2.5 keV) in models with pre-existing helium, but the interstitials are primarily He (e. g., similar to 89% at 10 keV). On the other hand, models with pre-existing hydrogen have a vacancy composition that is primarily tungsten (more than 90 % irrespective of PICA energy), and the interstitial composition is more balanced between tungsten (average 46 %) and hydrogen (average 54 %) interstitials across the PKA range. The distribution of the atoms reveals that the tungsten point defects prefer to reside close to the position of cascade initiation, but helium or hydrogen defects reside close to the positions where clusters are built.
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