Highly Thermo-Conductive Three-Dimensional Graphene Aqueous Medium

Z Bo and CY Ying and HC Yang and SH Wu and JY Yang and J Kong and SL Yang and YG Zhou and JH Yan and KF Cen, NANO-MICRO LETTERS, 12, 138 (2020).

DOI: 10.1007/s40820-020-00478-2

Highly thermo-conductive aqueous medium is a crucial premise to demonstrate high-performance thermal-related applications. Graphene has the diamond comparable thermal conductivity, while the intrinsic two- dimensional reality will result in strong anisotropic thermal conductivity and wrinkles or even crumples that significantly sacrifices its inherent properties in practical applications. One strategy to overcome this is to use three-dimensional (3D) architecture of graphene. Herein, 3D graphene structure with covalent-bonding nanofins (3D-GS-CBF) is proposed, which is then used as the filler to demon-strate effective aqueous medium. The thermal conductivity and thermal conductivity enhancement efficiency of 3D-GS-CBF (0.26 vol%) aque ous medium can be as high as 2.61 W m(-1) K-1 and 1300%, respectively, around six times larger than highest value of the existed aqueous mediums. Meanwhile, 3D- GS-CBF can be stable in the solution even after 6 months, addressing the instability issues of conventional graphene networks.A multiscale modeling including molecular dynamics simulations and heat conduction model is applied to interpret experimental results. 3D-GS-CBF aqueous medium can largely improve the solar vapor evaporation rate (by 1.5 times) that are even comparable to the interfacial heating system; meanwhile, its cooling performance is also superior to commercial coolant in thermal management applications.

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