Numerical calculation of free-energy barriers for entangled polymer nucleation
XL Tang and FC Tian and TY Xu and LB Li and A Reinhardt, JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS, 152 (2020).
The crystallization of entangled polymers from their melt is investigated using computer simulation with a coarse-grained model. Using hybrid Monte Carlo simulations enables us to probe the behavior of long polymer chains. We identify solid-like beads with a centrosymmetry local order parameter and compute the nucleation free-energy barrier at relatively high supercooling with adaptive-bias windowed umbrella sampling. Our results demonstrate that the critical nucleus sizes and the heights of free-energy barriers do not significantly depend on the molecular weight of the polymer; however, the nucleation rate decreases with the increase in molecular weight. Moreover, an analysis of the composition of the critical nucleus suggests that intra-molecular growth of the nucleated cluster does not contribute significantly to crystallization for this system.
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