Kapitza resistance at water-graphene interfaces
S Alosious and SK Kannam and SP Sathian and BD Todd, JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS, 152 (2020).
Heat transfer across fluid-solid interfaces in nanoconfinement has received significant attention due to its relevance in nanoscale systems. In this study, we investigate the Kapitza resistance at the water-graphene interface with the help of classical molecular dynamics simulation techniques in conjunction with our recently proposed equilibrium molecular dynamics (EMD) method S. Alosious et al., J. Chem. Phys. 151, 194502 (2019). The size effect of the Kapitza resistance on different factors such as the number of graphene layers, the cross-sectional area, and the width of the water block was studied. The Kapitza resistance decreases slightly with an increase in the number of layers, while the influence of the cross-sectional area and the width of the water block is negligible. The variation in the Kapitza resistance as a function of the number of graphene layers is attributed to the large phonon mean free path along the graphene cross-plane. An optimum water-graphene system, which is independent of size effects, was selected, and the same was used to determine the Kapitza resistance using the predicted EMD method. The values obtained from both the EMD and the non-equilibrium molecular dynamics (NEMD) methods were compared for different potentials and water models, and the results are shown to be in good agreement. Our method allows us to compute the Kapitza resistance using EMD simulations, which obviates the need to create a large temperature gradient required for the NEMD method.
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