Electrostrictive Cavitation in Water Induced by a SnO2 Nanoparticle

S Jackson and A Nakano and P Vashishta and RK Kalia, ACS OMEGA, 4, 22274-22279 (2019).

DOI: 10.1021/acsomega.9b00979

Cavitation phenomenon in dielectric fluids has been a recent topic of interest in theory and experiment. We study a dielectric fluid- nanoparticle system subjected to an external electric field using molecular dynamics simulations. Electric fields ranging from 0.042 to 0.25 V/A are applied to a water and tin dioxide system. Cavitation is observed in simulations with both SPC/E water and the hydrogen bonding polarizable model. The cavitation onset time displays a stretched exponential relaxation response with respect to the applied electric field with an exponent beta = 0.423 +/- 0.08. This is in accordance with the exact theoretical value for systems with long-ranged forces. Cavity growth rates are divided into two phases, a spherical growth phase and a cylindrical one. Both are reported as a function of the applied electric field. The structure of the electric field is analyzed both spatially and temporally.

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