Molecular dynamics simulation of effect of temperature on void nucleation and growth of single crystal iron at a high strain rate
YT Wang and XG Zeng and X Yang, ACTA PHYSICA SINICA, 68, 246102 (2019).
In this work, we investigate the triaxial deformation of single crystal iron at a strain rate of 5 x 10(-9) s(-1) by using molecular dynamics simulation through the embedded atomic method, and thus study the temperature effect on the void nucleation and growth, and we also discuss the applicability of nucleation and growth (NAG) model in single crystal iron. The molecular dynamics model size is 28.55 nm x 28.55 nm x 28.55 nm and contains 2 x 10(6) atoms. The results show that the maximum tensile stress of single crystal iron decreases with temperature increasing. The maximum tensile stress reduces 35.9% when temperature rises from 100 K to 1100 K. We find that at 100-700 K temperatures, there are two peaks in the tensile stress-time profile. To ascertain the origin of the double-peak in the stress-time profile, we compute the void volume fraction evolution. In addition, we conduct the dislocation analysis, radial distribution function analysis and common neighbor analysis. The analysis results show that the relaxation of tensile stress in the first peak of stress-time profile takes place through the structural change and the body-centered cubic crystal structure transforming into face-centered cubic crystal structure, hexagonal close packed crystal structure and other structures. We find that there are no voids' nucleation in the first peak of stress-time profile. The second- peak of stress-time profile proceeds through the nucleation and growth of voids. And the rapid increase of the void volume fraction corresponds to the rapid decline of the tensile stress. The void volume evolution can be divided into three stages. With the increase of temperature, the double peak characteristic of the tensile stress-time profile disappears at 900-1100 K. While at 900-1100 K the nucleation and growth of voids are the only way to release the built-up stress. It is shown that the nucleation and growth of voids are more preferred at high temperature than at low temperature. The nucleation and growth of voids in single iron under high strain rate follow the NAG model. We calculate the best- fit NAG parameters at 100-1100 K, and analyze the sensitivity of NAG parameters to temperature. It is shown that the nucleation and growth threshold of the single crystal iron are much higher than those of mild steel. The results can be useful for developing the fracture models of iron at high strain rate to describe the dynamic damage on a continuum length scale.
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