Determining Diffusion Coefficients of Chemical Warfare Agents in Metal- Organic Frameworks

M Agrawal and SE Boulfelfel and DFS Gallis and JA Greathouse and DS Sholl, JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY LETTERS, 10, 7823-7830 (2019).

DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpclett.9b03119

Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) have shown potential for selective capture of chemical warfare agents (CWAs). To determine characteristic adsorption times, the kinetics of CWA uptake in MOFs must be known. Here, we calculate diffusion coefficients of the CWA sarin and simulants in prototypical MOFs using classical molecular simulations. Sarin can diffuse throughout a one micrometer crystal in less than a second in MIL-47 and Cu-BTC, but this process takes more than 3 h in ZIF-8 and UiO-66. A simple estimate based on Knudsen diffusion is able to describe diffusion of sarin in MIL-47 but fails to do so in other MOFs. This work has implications in designing devices to detect and capture CWAs.

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