Dodecagonal bilayer graphene quasicrystal and its approximants

GD Yu and ZW Wu and Z Zhan and MI Katsnelson and SJ Yuan, NPJ COMPUTATIONAL MATERIALS, 5, 122 (2019).

DOI: 10.1038/s41524-019-0258-0

Dodecagonal bilayer graphene quasicrystal has 12-fold rotational order but lacks translational symmetry which prevents the application of band theory. In this paper, we study the electronic and optical properties of graphene quasicrystal with large-scale tight-binding calculations involving more than ten million atoms. We propose a series of periodic approximants which reproduce accurately the properties of quasicrystal within a finite unit cell. By utilizing the band-unfolding method on the smallest approximant with only 2702 atoms, the effective band structure of graphene quasicrystal is derived. The features, such as the emergence of new Dirac points (especially the mirrored ones), the band gap at M point and the Fermi velocity are all in agreement with recent experiments. The properties of quasicrystal states are identified in the Landau level spectrum and optical excitations. Importantly, our results show that the lattice mismatch is the dominant factor determining the accuracy of layered approximants. The proposed approximants can be used directly for other layered materials in honeycomb lattice, and the design principles can be applied for any quasi-periodic incommensurate structures.

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