Thermal boundary resistance predictions with non-equilibrium Green's function and molecular dynamics simulations

YC Chu and JJ Shi and K Miao and Y Zhong and P Sarangapani and TS Fisher and G Klimeck and XL Ruan and T Kubis, APPLIED PHYSICS LETTERS, 115, 231601 (2019).

DOI: 10.1063/1.5125037

The nonequilibrium Green's function (NEGF) method with Buttiker probe scattering self-energies is assessed by comparing its predictions for the thermal boundary resistance with molecular dynamics (MD) simulations. For simplicity, the interface of Si/heavy-Si is considered, where heavy-Si differs from Si only in the mass value. With Buttiker probe scattering parameters tuned against MD in homogeneous Si, the NEGF-predicted thermal boundary resistance quantitatively agrees with MD for wide mass ratios. Artificial resistances that the unaltered Landauer approach yields at virtual interfaces in homogeneous systems are absent in the present NEGF approach. Spectral information results from NEGF in its natural representation without further transformations. The spectral results show that the scattering between different phonon modes plays a crucial role in thermal transport across interfaces. Buttiker probes provide an efficient and reliable way to include anharmonicity in phonon related NEGF. NEGF including the Buttiker probes can reliably predict phonon transport across interfaces and at finite temperatures. Published under license by AIP Publishing.

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