A novel super-elastic carbon nanofiber with cup-stacked carbon nanocones and a screw dislocation

X Han and FT Xu and SY Duan and HF Zhan and YT Gu and GR Liu, CARBON, 154, 98-107 (2019).

DOI: 10.1016/j.carbon.2019.07.084

Carbon nanofibers (NFs) have been envisioned with broad promising applications, such as nanoscale actuators and energy storage medium. This work reports for the first-time super-elastic tensile characteristics of NFs constructed from a screw dislocation of carbon nanocones (NF-S). The NF-S exhibits three distinct elastic deformation stages under tensile, including an initial homogeneous deformation, delamination, and further stretch of covalent bonds. The delamination process endows the NF-S extraordinary tensile deformation capability, which is not accessible from its counterpart with a normal cup-stacked geometry. The failure of NF-S is governed by the inner edges of the nanocone due to the strain concentration, leading to a common failure force for NF-S with varying geometrical parameters. Strikingly, the delamination process is dominated by the inner radius and the apex angle of the nanocone. For a fixed apex angle, the yielding strain increases remarkably when the inner radius increases, which can exceed 1000%. It is also found that the screw dislocation allows the nanocones flattening and sliding during compression. This study provides a comprehensive understanding on the mechanical properties of NFs as constructed from carbon nanocones, which opens new avenues for novel applications, such as nanoscale actuators. (C) 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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