Enhanced fluctuation for pinned surface nanobubbles
ZJ Guo and XR Zhang, PHYSICAL REVIEW E, 100, 052803 (2019).
By employing molecular dynamics simulations we investigate the fluctuation of surface nanobubbles immersed in liquid phase. Our simulation results indicate that in comparison with the surrounding liquid and nanobubble interior, the vapor-liquid or gas-liquid interface of nanobubbles always exhibits the largest compressibility, demonstrating the enhanced fluctuation for nanobubble interfaces. We also find that vapor surface nanobubbles and gas surface nanobubbles exhibit different fluctuation behaviors. For vapor nanobubbles that appear in overheated pure liquid, both density fluctuation and interface fluctuation are independent on the external pressure since the internal pressure remains constant at a given temperature. For gas nanobubbles that appear in gas supersaturated solution, the density fluctuation monotonously decreases with the increase of gas concentration, while the interface fluctuation shows a nonmonotonic variation. Departure from the intermediate gas concentration with the minimal interface fluctuation would enhance the fluctuation, which may finally lead to nanobubble destabilization. Finally, our simulation results indicate that the complicated interface fluctuation of surface nanobubbles comprises two different modes: interface deformation and interface oscillation, both of which display similar trends as that of the combined interface fluctuation.
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