Strong Electroosmotic Coupling Dominates Ion Conductance of 1.5 nm Diameter Carbon Nanotube Porins

YC Yao and A Taqieddin and MA Alibakhshi and M Wanunu and NR Aluru and A Noy, ACS NANO, 13, 12851-12859 (2019).

DOI: 10.1021/acsnano.9b05118

Extreme confinement in nanometer-sized channels can alter fluid and ion transport in significant ways, leading to significant water flow enhancement and unusual ion correlation effects. These effects are especially pronounced in carbon nanotube porins (CNTPs) that combine strong confinement in the inner lumen of carbon nanotubes with the high slip flow enhancement due to smooth hydrophobic pore walls. We have studied ion transport and ion selectivity in 1.5 nm diameter CNTPs embedded in lipid membranes using a single nanopore measurement setup. Our data show that CNTPs are weakly cation selective at pH 7.5 and become nonselective at pH 3.0. Ion conductance of CNTPs exhibits an unusual 2/3 power law scaling with the ion concentration at both neutral and acidic pH values. Coupled Navier-Stokes and Poisson-Nernst-Planck simulations and atomistic molecular dynamics simulations reveal that this scaling originates from strong coupling between water and ion transport in these channels. These effects could result in development of a next generation of biomimetic membranes and carbon nanotube-based electroosmotic pumps.

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