Composite Polymer Electrolyte for Highly Cyclable Room-Temperature Solid-State Magnesium Batteries

R Deivanayagam and M Cheng and MC Wang and V Vasudevan and T Foroozan and NV Medhekar and R Shahbazian-Yassar, ACS APPLIED ENERGY MATERIALS, 2, 7980-7990 (2019).

DOI: 10.1021/acsaem.9b01455

Developing an electrolyte candidate with a wide voltage window, highly reversible cycling with Mg2+-metal anode, and without the use of any flammable solvents is a major challenge for rechargeable Mg batteries. 'While there have been several reports on Mg2+-conducting polymer electrolytes with high ionic conductivities, studies to determine their cycling performance and Mg-deposition overpotentials have been scarce. Here, we report a composite polymer electrolyte that exhibits a highly reversible cycling with Mg-metal anode at room temperature. The synthesized polymer electrolyte has a high conductivity of 0.16 mS cm(-1) at room temperature, and the galvanostatic cycling tests of Mg vertical bar Mg symmetric cells reveal that the reversible Mg deposition/stripping occurs at low overpotentials of 0.1-0.3 V for up to 400 cycles. The cycling stability of this composite polymer electrolyte is unprecedented among ambient-temperature solid-state Mg electrolytes, and the observed overpotential values are even comparable to those of the present state-of-the-art liquid electrolytes.

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