Chain and Ion Dynamics in Precise Polyethylene Ionomers
AL Frischknecht and BA Paren and LR Middleton and JP Koski and JD Tarver and M Tyagi and CL Soles and KI Winey, MACROMOLECULES, 52, 7939-7950 (2019).
We analyze the dynamics from microsecond-long, atomistic molecular dynamics (MD) simulations of a series of precise poly(ethylene-co- acrylic acid) ionomers neutralized with lithium, with three different spacer lengths between acid groups on the ionomers and at two temperatures. At short times, the intermediate structure factor calculated from the MD simulations is in reasonable agreement with quasi-elastic neutron scattering data for partially neutralized ionomers. For ionomers that are 100% neutralized with lithium, the simulations reveal three dynamic processes in the chain dynamics. The fast process corresponds to hydration librations, the medium-time process corresponds to local conformational motions of the n portions of the chains between ionic aggregates, and the long-time process corresponds to relaxation of the ionic aggregates. At 600 K, the dynamics are sufficiently fast to observe the early stages of lithium- ion motion and ionic aggregate rearrangements. In the partially neutralized ionomers with isolated ionic aggregates, the Li-ion- containing aggregates rearrange by a process of merging and breaking up, similar to what has been observed in coarse-grained (CG) simulations. In the 100% neutralized ionomers that contain percolated ionic aggregates, the chains remain pinned by the percolated aggregate at long times, but the lithium ions are able to move along the percolated aggregate. Here, the ion dynamics are also qualitatively similar to those seen in previous CG simulations.
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