Frenkel line crossover of confined supercritical fluids
K Ghosh and CV Krishnamurthy, SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, 9, 14872 (2019).
We investigate the temperature evolution of dynamics and structure of partially confined Lennard Jones (LJ) fluids in supercritical phase along an isobaric line in the P-T phase diagram using molecular dynamics simulations. We compare the Frenkel line (FL) crossover features of partially confined LJ fluids to that of the bulk LJ fluids in supercritical phase. Five different spacings have been chosen in this study and the FL crossover characteristics have been monitored for each of these spacings for temperatures ranging from 240 K to 1500 K keeping the pressure fixed at 5000 bar. We characterize the FL crossover using density of states (DoS) function and find that partially confined supercritical fluids (SCF) exhibit a progressive shift of FL crossover point to higher temperatures for smaller spacings. While the DoS perpendicular to the walls shows persistent oscillatory modes, the parallel component exhibits a smooth crossover from an oscillatory to non-oscillatory characteristics representative of FL crossover. We find that the vanishing of peaks in DoS parallel to the walls indicates that the SCF no longer supports shear mode excitations and could serve as an identifier of the FL crossover for confined systems just as is done for the bulk. Layer heights of density profiles, self-diffusivity and the peak heights of radial distribution function parallel to the walls also feature the FL crossover consistent with the DoS criteria. Surprisingly, self-diffusivity undergoes an Arrhenius to super-Arrhenius crossover at low temperatures for smaller spacings as a result of enhanced structural order evidenced via pair-excess entropy. This feature, typical of glass- forming liquids and binary supercooled liquids, is found to develop from the glass-like characteristic slowdown and strong caging in confined supercritical fluid, evidenced via mean squared displacement and velocity autocorrelation function respectively, over intermediate timescales.
Return to Publications page