Fully analytic valence force field model for the elastic and inner elastic properties of diamond and zincblende crystals
DSP Tanner and MA Caro and S Schulz and EP O'Reilly, PHYSICAL REVIEW B, 100, 094112 (2019).
Using a valence force field model based on that introduced by Martin, we present three related methods through which we analytically determine valence force field parameters. The methods introduced allow easy derivation of valence force field parameters in terms of the Kleinman parameter zeta and bulk properties of zincblende and diamond crystals. We start with a model suited for covalent and weakly ionic materials, where the valence force field parameters are derived in terms of and the bulk elastic constants Cu-11, C-12, and C-44. We show that this model breaks down as the material becomes more ionic and specifically when the elastic anisotropy factor A = 2C(44)/(C-11 - C-12) > 2. The analytic model can be stabilized for ionic materials by including Martin's electrostatic terms with effective cation and anion charges in the valence force field model. Inclusion of effective charges determined via the optical phonon mode splitting provides a stable model for all but two of the materials considered (zincblende GaN and AN). A stable model is obtained for all materials considered by also utilizing the inner elastic constant E-11 to determine the magnitude of the effective charges used in the Coulomb interaction. Test calculations show that the models describe well structural relaxation in superlattices and alloys and reproduce key phonon band structure features.
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