Tuning Water Slip Behavior in Nanochannels Using Self-Assembled Monolayers

DZ Huang and T Zhang and GP Xiong and LJ Xu and ZG Qu and E Lee and TF Luo, ACS APPLIED MATERIALS & INTERFACES, 11, 32481-32488 (2019).

DOI: 10.1021/acsami.9b09509

Water slip at solid surfaces is important for a wide range of micro-/nanofluidic applications. While it is known that water slip behavior depends on surface functionalization, how it impacts the molecular level dynamics and mass transport at the interface is still not thoroughly understood. In this paper, we use nonequilibrium molecular dynamics simulations to investigate the slip behavior of water confined between gold surfaces functionalized by self-assembled monolayer (SAM) molecules with different polar functional groups. We observe a positive-to-negative slip transition from hydrophobic to hydrophilic SAM functionalizations, which is found to be related to the stronger interfacial interaction between water molecules and more hydrophilic SAM molecules. The stronger interaction increases the surface friction and local viscosity, making water slip more difficult. More hydrophilic functionalization also slows down the interfacial water relaxation and leads to more pronounced water trapping inside the SAM layer, both of which impede water slip. The results from this work will provide useful insights into the understanding of the water slip at functionalized surfaces and design guidelines for various applications.

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