Frictional dynamics of fluorine-terminated alkanethiol self-assembled monolayers

B Park and CD Lorenz and M Chandross and MJ Stevens and GS Grest and OA Borodin, LANGMUIR, 20, 10007-10014 (2004).

DOI: 10.1021/la0491091

The frictional dynamics of fluorine-terminated alkanethiol (S(CH2)(8)CF3) self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) on gold are studied using molecular dynamics simulations. The simulations treat the interactions between two SAMs on flat surfaces. The structure and frictional behavior are investigated as a function of applied pressure (200 MPa to 1 GPa) for a shear velocity of 2 m/s and compared to methyl- terminated alkanethiol SAMs. The maximum adhesive pressure between the SAMs is 220 MPa for both end groups. In agreement with experiments on the molecular scale, the shear stress and the coefficient of friction for CF3-terminated alkanethiols are larger than for CH3-terminated alkanethiols. The main source for the difference is primarly the tighter packing of the fluorinated terminal group resulting in a higher degree of order. The molecular scale coefficient of friction is correlated with the degree of order among all the systems.

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