Phase behavior of empirical potentials of titanium dioxide

A Reinhardt, JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS, 151, 064505 (2019).

DOI: 10.1063/1.5115161

In recent years, several relatively similar empirical models of titanium dioxide have been proposed as reparameterizations of the potential of Matsui and Akaogi, with the Buckingham interaction replaced by a Lennard-Jones interaction. However, because of the steepness of the repulsive region of the Lennard-Jones potential, such reparameterized models result in rather different mechanical and thermodynamic properties compared to the original potential. Here, we use free-energy calculations based on the Einstein crystal method to compute the phase diagram of both the Matsui-Akaogi potential and one of its Lennard- Jones-based reparameterizations. Both potentials are able to support a large number of distinct crystalline polymorphs of titanium dioxide that have been observed in experiment, but the regions of thermodynamic stability of the individual phases are significantly different from one another. Moreover, neither potential results in phase behavior that is fully consistent with the available experimental evidence. Published under license by AIP Publishing.

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