Confined System Analysis of a Predator-Prey Minimalistic Model
S Mohapatra and PS Mahapatra, SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, 9, 11258 (2019).
In nature exists a properly defined food chain-an order of hunting and getting hunted. One such hunter-hunted pair is considered in this context and coordinated escape manoeuvres in response to predation is studied in case of a rarely examined confined system. Both the predator agent and prey agents are considered to be self-propelled particles moving in a viscous fluid. The state of motility when alive and passivity on death has been accounted for. A novel individual-based combination of Vicsek model and Boids flocking model is used for defining the self-propelling action and inter-agent interactions. The regimes observed at differing levels of co-ordination segregated by quantification of global order parameter are found to be in agreement with the extant literature. This study strives to understand the penalty on the collective motion due to the restraints employed by the rigid walls of the confinement and the predator's hunting tactics. The success of any escape manoeuvre is dependent on the rate of information transfer and the strength of the agitation at the source of the manoeuvre. The rate of information transfer is studied as a function of co-ordination and the size of the influence zone and the source strength is studied as a function of escape acceleration activated on the agitated prey. The role of these factors in affecting survival rate of prey is given due coverage.
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