Multiscale flow characteristics of droplet spreading with microgravity conditions

XQ Chen and L Tong, CANADIAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICS, 97, 869-874 (2019).

DOI: 10.1139/cjp-2018-0474

In this paper, mesoscopic lattice-Boltzmann method (LBM) and microscopic molecular dynamics simulation method were used to simulate droplet dynamic wetting under microgravity. In terms of LBM, the wetting process of a droplet on a solid wall surface was simulated by introducing the fluid-fluid and solid-fluid interactions. In terms of molecular dynamics simulation, the spreading process of water on gold surface was simulated. Calculation results showed that two kinds of calculation methods were based on the microscopic molecular theory or mesoscopic kinetics theory, and such models could effectively overcome the contact line paradox issue, which results from the macro-continuum assumption and non-slip boundary condition assumption. The spreading exhibits two- stage behavior: fast spreading and slow spreading stages. For the two simulation methods, the ratio of fast spreading stage duration to slow spreading duration, spreading capacity (equilibrium contact radius/initial radius), and the spreading exponent of the rapid stage were very close. However, the predictive spreading index of the slow spreading stage was different, owing to the different spreading mechanisms between meso-and nanoscales.

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