Reaction pathway analysis for the conversion of perfect screw basal plane dislocation to threading edge dislocation in 4H-SiC
Y Tamura and H Sakakima and S Takamoto and A Hatano and S Izumi, JAPANESE JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSICS, 58, 081005 (2019).
4H-SiC has gained attention as a material for advanced power devices. In this paper, we investigate the surface effect on the conversion from screw-type basal plane dislocation (BPD) to threading edge dislocation (TED) using reaction pathway analysis. We find that the constriction of a partial dislocation pair easily occurs in the vicinity of the surface and that the constriction in the Si-face substrate is easier than that in the C-face one. Also, we find that the cross slip of a perfect screw BPD easily occurs in the vicinity of the surface and that the cross slip in the Si-face is easier than that in the C-face. In addition, we reveal that the rate-limiting step of the cross slip is the glide to shuffle- glide mix transition. We also perform molecular dynamics simulations of a perfect screw BPD-TED conversion in an off-cut substrate and confirm that spontaneous conversion occurs even at low temperature (500 K). (C) 2019 The Japan Society of Applied Physics
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