Strong Microheterogeneity in Novel Deep Eutectic Solvents

V Alizadeh and D Geller and F Malberg and PB Sanchez and A Padua and B Kirchner, CHEMPHYSCHEM, 20, 1786-1792 (2019).

DOI: 10.1002/cphc.201900307

With the increasing application of template assisted syntheses in deep eutectic solvents and successful application of hydrophobic deep eutectic solvents in extraction processes, where microheterogeneity plays a major role, suggestions for novel deep eutectic solvents which exhibit strong microheterogeneity are desirable. Therefore, classical molecular dynamics simulations were carried out on deep eutectic solvent systems constructed of choline chloride and some of its derivatives mixed with ethylene glycol in a molar composition of 1 : 2 since this is the optimal parent composition. The derivatives consisted of a series of elongated alkyl side chains and elongated alcohol side chains. Of these series only choline chloride ethylene glycol has been investigated experimentally, the other systems are suggested and theoretically investigated as possible target for synthesis. Our domain analysis supported by the clear distinction of polar and nonpolar parts from the electrostatic potentials reveals that strong microheterogeneity within these novel hypothetical deep eutectic solvents exists. Rather stretched than crumbled side chains maximize possible interaction sites for both polar and nonpolar parts which make the suggested compounds valuable objectives for experiments in order to exploit the microheterogeneity in deep eutectic solvents.

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