Irradiation resistance of nanostructured interfaces in Zr-Nb metallic multilayers

EY Chen and C Deo and R Dingreville, JOURNAL OF MATERIALS RESEARCH, 34, 2239-2251 (2019).

DOI: 10.1557/jmr.2019.42

Irradiation resistance of metallic nanostructured multilayers is determined by the interactions between defects and phase boundaries. However, the dose-dependent interfacial morphology evolution can greatly change the nature of the defect-boundary interaction mechanisms over time. In the present study, we used atomistic models combined with a novel technique based on the accumulation of Frenkel pairs to simulate irradiation processes. We examined dose effects on defect evolutions near zirconium-niobium multilayer phase boundaries. Our simulations enabled us to categorize defect evolution mechanisms in bulk phases into progressing stages of dislocation accumulation, saturation, and coalescence. In the metallic multilayers, we observed a phase boundary absorption mechanism early on during irradiation, while at higher damage levels, the increased irradiation intermixing triggered a phase transformation in the Zr-Nb mixture. This physical phenomenon resulted in the emission of a large quantity of small immobile dislocation loops from the phase boundaries.

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