Tuning the glass forming ability and mechanical properties of Ti-based bulk metallic glasses by Ga additions

S Bera and P Ramasamy and D Sopu and B Sarac and J Zalesak and C Gammer and M Stoica and M Calin and J Eckert, JOURNAL OF ALLOYS AND COMPOUNDS, 793, 552-563 (2019).

DOI: 10.1016/j.jallcom.2019.04.173

A new series of Ti40Zr10Cu36-xPd14Gax (x = 2, 4, 8 and 10) alloys with improved plasticity and glass-forming ability (GFA) are produced. The strategy is to create local structural heterogeneity in Ti-based bulk metallic glasses (BMGs) by alloying with a soft element which has high negative enthalpy of mixing with Ti-atoms. The GFA of Ti40Zr10Cu36-xPd14Gax rods increases with increasing Ga content up to 4 at.%, and for more Ga it decreases. Minor addition of Ga (x = 2) is beneficial to improve the strength and ductility of the TiZrCuPd-based BMG due to the formation of local structural heterogeneities which facilitate the formation of a highly organized pattern of multiple shear bands under quasi-static compression. Ti40Zr10Cu34Pd14Ga2 BMG shows the best combination of compressive global strain and maximum compressive strength of similar to 4.5% and similar to 2000 MPa, respectively. Comparing the Young's modulus of Ga-containing alloys in amorphous and crystalline state we find that the amorphous state shows significant elastic softening (40-48% smaller) which is useful to reduce stress shielding effect for biomedical applications. The alloys show a remarkable thermoplastic formability as the viscosity decreases sharply by an order of magnitude in the supercooled liquid region. (C) 2019 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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