Viscous heating and temperature profiles of liquid water flows in copper nanochannel

QV Dinh and TQ Vo and B Kim, JOURNAL OF MECHANICAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, 33, 3257-3263 (2019).

DOI: 10.1007/s12206-019-0621-6

Understanding nanoscale fluidic transport becomes increasingly important due to the rapid development of nanotechnology and nanofabrication. By using molecular dynamics (MD) simulations, we investigated the viscous heating of water flows in copper nanochannels. The two scenarios that were studied are Couette flows and Poiseuille flows. We observed the scale effects on the distribution of fluid density, streaming velocity, fluid viscosity, and temperature across the channel. The results revealed the significant effects of surface forces on causing a large deviation between simulation results and classical hypothesis. We found that the energy equation coupled with the thermal-slip boundary conditions still fails to predict the temperature distributions. Hereby, further scale effects are taken into account, which leads to better predictions. The model that we developed in this study shows the relative deviation to the simulation data within 5 %, which is small compared to the conventional continuum approach (i.e., up to 51 %).

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