Universal molecular-kinetic scaling relation for slip of a simple fluid at a solid boundary

GJ Wang and NG Hadjiconstantinou, PHYSICAL REVIEW FLUIDS, 4, 064201 (2019).

DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevFluids.4.064201

Using the observation that slip in simple fluids at low and moderate shear rates is a thermally activated process driven by the shear stress in the fluid close to the solid boundary, we develop a molecular-kinetic model for simple fluid slip at solid boundaries. The proposed model, which is in the form of a universal scaling relation that connects slip and shear rate, reduces to the well-known Navier slip condition under low shear conditions, providing a direct connection between molecular parameters and the slip length. Molecular-dynamics simulations are in very good agreement with the predicted dependence of slip on system parameters, including the temperature and fluid-solid interaction strength. Connections between our model and previous work, as well as simulation and experimental results, are explored and discussed.

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