Excess pressure and electric fields in nonideal plasma hydrodynamics

A Diaw and MS Murillo, PHYSICAL REVIEW E, 99, 063207 (2019).

DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevE.99.063207

Nonideal plasmas have nontrivial space and time correlations, which simultaneously impact both the excess thermodynamic quantities as well as the collision processes. However, hydrodynamics models for designing and interpreting nonideal plasma experiments, such as inertial- confinement fusion experiments, typically neglect electrodynamics, although some models include electric fields indirectly through a generalized Fick's law. However, because most transport models are not computed self-consistently with the equation of state, there is double counting of the forces in the excess thermodynamic quantities and the collision terms. Here we employ the statistical mechanical hydrodynamic theory of Irving and Kirkwood J. Chem. Phys. 18, 817 (1950) to examine inhomogeneous, nonideal plasmas that contain electric fields. We show that it is not possible to simultaneously separate terms that correspond to electric fields and excess pressure; rather, these quantities arise from the same interparticle Coulomb forces. Moreover, new terms associated with nonlocality appear in the presence of strong inhomogeneities.

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