Data-based modeling of gas-surface interaction in rarefied gas flow simulations

N Andric and DW Meyer and P Jenny, PHYSICS OF FLUIDS, 31, 067109 (2019).

DOI: 10.1063/1.5094768

In this work, a data-based approach to gas-surface interaction modeling, which employs the recently introduced distribution element tree (DET) method, is proposed. The DET method allows efficient data-driven probability density function (PDF) estimations with the possibility of conditional and unconditional random number resampling from the constructed distributions. As part of our ongoing research on gas- surface interaction, a comprehensive molecular dynamics (MD) study was performed, where the scattering of a nitrogen molecule from a graphite surface was investigated. Our aim here is to demonstrate how the DET method can be used in combination with the obtained MD database for constructing a generalized kernel of gas-surface interaction and for generating postscattered samples directly from the MD data itself. The major benefit of this approach is that it preserves all the relevant physics contained within numerical or experimental data, without the need for new kernel developments or accommodation coefficient calibrations. A direct comparison between the proposed approach and a classical scattering kernel used in rarefied gas flow simulations was carried out in the case of molecular beam scattering of rotationally hot and cold nitrogen from a solid surface. A further comparison between the proposed method and the available experimental data was also performed. Additionally, the ability of the DET-based kernel to satisfy the reciprocity condition, which ensures energy conservation in the case of thermal equilibrium, is demonstrated.

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