Investigations on Forming Ether Coated Iron Nanoparticle Materials by First-Principle Calculations and Molecular Dynamic Simulations

JL Sun and SX Hui and PG Liu and RC Sun and MJ Wang, COATINGS, 9, 395 (2019).

DOI: 10.3390/coatings9060395

The mechanism of coating effects between ether molecules and iron (Fe) nanoparticles was generally estimated using first-principle calculations and molecular dynamic (MD) simulations coupling with Fe (110) crystal layers and sphere models. In the present work, the optimized adsorption site and its energy were confirmed. The single sphere model in MD simulations was studied for typical adsorption behaviors, and the double sphere model was built to be more focused on the gap impact between two particles. In those obtained results, it is demonstrated that ether molecules were prone to be adsorbed on the long bridge site of the Fe (110) crystal while comparing with other potential sites. Although the coating was not completely uniform at early stages, the formation of ether layer ended up being equilibrated finally. Accompanied with charge transfer, those coated ether molecules exerted much binding force on the shell Fe atoms. Additionally, when free ether molecules were close to the gap between two nanoparticles, they were found to come under double adsorption effects. Although this effect might not be sufficient to keep them adsorbed, the movement of these ether molecules were hindered to some extent.

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