Bubble nucleation over patterned surfaces with different wettabilities: Molecular dynamics investigation
WJ Zhou and Y Li and MJ Li and JJ Wei and WQ Tao, INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HEAT AND MASS TRANSFER, 136, 1-9 (2019).
The bubble nucleation of liquid argon over patterned surfaces with different wettabilities is investigated by using molecular dynamics (MD) simulations. In order to study effects of different wall temperatures on bubble nucleation process, bubble nucleation positions and bubble dynamics behaviors are observed. Simulation results show that at low wall temperatures bubble nucleation tends to occur over the hydrophobic part of the wall. With increasing wall temperature, the bubble nucleus gradually changes its position from the hydrophobic to hydrophilic part. When the wall temperature increases to a certain value, bubble nuclei first appear on both the hydrophobic and hydrophilic parts. By analyzing heat flux and change trend of argon state points, differences in bubble nucleation process at different wall temperatures are explained. Moreover, the effect of area fraction of hydrophobic part on bubble nucleation temperature is investigated. It is found that there exists an optimal area fraction which makes the bubble nucleation temperature the lowest. (C) 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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