Molecular dynamics simulations of helium clustering and bubble growth under tungsten surfaces
AY Hamid and JZ Sun and HY Zhang and AS Jadon and T Stirner, COMPUTATIONAL MATERIALS SCIENCE, 163, 141-147 (2019).
We study the surface response of W001 to helium bombardment using molecular dynamics simulations. Simulations have been performed for incident helium of energy 80 eV and surface temperature 2100 K. The saturation of He retention has been observed to be high, a result of the bubbles trapping helium atoms and preventing them from diffusing to the surface and further back into the plasma. On the other hand, we have observe near-surface "cluster rupture" leading to the expulsion of helium atoms towards the vacuum. We have found that bubbles typically grow in a relatively narrow band of He/V ratios (1-3). Besides, it was observed that tungsten atoms migrated from the top surface into the bulk. The coalescence of helium bubbles has also been observed.
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