Bottom-up approach to represent dynamic properties in coarse-grained molecular simulations

G Deichmann and NFA van der Vegt, JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS, 149, 244114 (2018).

DOI: 10.1063/1.5064369

Several molecular coarse-graining methods have been proposed in recent years to derive chemical-and state-point transferable force fields. While these force fields describe structural and thermodynamic properties in good agreement with fine-grained models and experiments, dynamic properties are usually overestimated. Herein, we examine if the long-time dynamic properties of molecular coarse grained (CG) systems can be correctly represented by employing a dissipative particle dynamics (DPD) thermostat, which is "bottom-up informed" by means of a variant of the Markovian Mori-Zwanzig (MZ) DPD coarse-graining method. We report single-site and multiple-site CG models for a monomer, dimer, and 24mer based on 2,2-dimethyl propane as a chemical repeat unit and report data obtained from MZ-DPD simulations of liquids, polymer solutions, and polymer melts. We find that despite incomplete time scale separation of the molecular CG model, MZ-DPD achieves quantitative accuracy in predicting diffusive dynamics in single-component liquids and polymer solutions (24mers in a dimer solvent). We also find that MZ- DPD simulations of molecular penetrant diffusion in polymer networks do not reach quantitative agreement with the fine-grained model. Modeling diffusion governed by the activated barrier crossing of small molecular penetrants in these dense systems requires an accurate description of energy barriers, presumably combined with the treatment of memory effects. The use of a MZ-DPD thermostat extends the scope and applicability of molecular CG models for multicomponent systems where a correct description of the relative diffusion rates of the different components is important. Published by AIP Publishing.

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