Long triple carbon chains formation by heat treatment of graphene nanoribbon: Molecular dynamics study with revised Brenner potential
AS Sinitsa and IV Lebedeva and AM Popov and AA Knizhnik, CARBON, 140, 543-556 (2018).
The method for production of atomic chains by heating of graphene nanoribbons (GNRs) is proposed and studied by molecular dynamics simulations. The Brenner potential is revised to adequately describe formation of atomic chains, edges and vacancy migration in graphene. A fundamentally different behaviour is observed for zigzag-edge GNRs with 3 and 4 atomic rows (3 and 4-ZGNRs) at 2500 K: formation of triple, double and single carbon chains with the length of hundreds of atoms in 3-ZGNRs and edge reconstruction with only short chains and GNR width reduction in 4-ZGNRs. The chain formation mechanism in 3-ZGNRs is revealed by analysis of bond reorganization reactions and is based on the interplay of two processes. The first one is breaking of bonds between 3 zigzag atomic rows leading to triple chain formation. The second one is bond breaking within the same zigzag atomic row, which occurs predominantly through generation of pentagons with subsequent bond breaking in pentagons and results in single or double chain formation. The DFT calculations of the barriers for relevant reactions are consistent with the mechanism proposed. The possibility of chain- based nanoelectronic devices with a controllable number of chains is discussed. (C) 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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