Quantifying-and-connecting-atomic and crystallographic grain boundary structure using local environment representation and dimensionality reduction techniques

JL Priedeman and CW Rosenbrock and OK Johnson and ER Homer, ACTA MATERIALIA, 161, 431-443 (2018).

DOI: 10.1016/j.actamat.2018.09.011

In this work, the relationship between grain boundary crystallography and grain boundary atomic structure is examined, using 1 0 0 - symmetric tilt grain boundaries in nickel. The structural unit model is used as a benchmark to evaluate the atomic structure description capacities of an emerging structural descriptor, the local environment representation, which itself is a refinement of the Smooth Overlap of Atomic Positions (SOAP) descriptor. We show that the local environment representation encodes both the information of the structural unit model and additional information, such as distortion in the structural units and the arrangement of the structural units at the interface. The use of the local environment representation permits the use of a visualization tool known as SPRING to represent structural similarities between grain boundaries. With the SPRING representation, we produce objective evidence of a relationship between crystallography and atomic structure, at least for 1 0 0 - symmetric tilt grain boundaries. (C) 2018 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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