Water desorption from rapidly-heated metal oxide surfaces-first principles, molecular dynamics, and the Temkin isotherm

JMD Lane and K Leung and AP Thompson and ME Cuneo, JOURNAL OF PHYSICS- CONDENSED MATTER, 30, 465002 (2018).

DOI: 10.1088/1361-648X/aae4af

Quantitative understanding and control of water and impurity desorption from steel surfaces are crucial for high-voltage, pulsed power, vacuum technology, catalysis, and environmental applications. We apply a suite of modeling techniques, ranging from electronic density functional theory, to classical molecular dynamics (MD) and grand canonical Monte Carlo (GCMC) methods to study the thermodynamics and kinetics of fast water desorption from different surfaces of hematite Fe2O3 and Cr2O3. Water binding energies on chromium oxide are found to be higher than iron oxide at zero temperature. MD simulations are conducted on Fe2O3 surfaces using thermodynamically consistent initial water inventory deduced with GCMC. The resulting time- and temperature-dependent desorption profiles on the Fe2O3 (0 0 0 1) surfaces show multi-water cooperative behavior which cannot be deduced from zero temperature predictions. but which are in reasonable agreement with simple Temkin isotherm model estimates if finite temperature effects are incorporated into the Temkin binding energy parameter. Qualitatively different desorption behaviors associated with the (0 0 0 1) and (1 (1) over bar0 2) facets are discussed.

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