Translocation of Charged Polymers through a Nanopore in Monovalent and Divalent Salt Solutions: A Scaling Study Exploring over the Entire Driving Force Regimes

PY Hsiao, POLYMERS, 10, 1229 (2018).

DOI: 10.3390/polym10111229

Langevin dynamics simulations are performed to study polyelectrolytes driven through a nanopore in monovalent and divalent salt solutions. The driving electric field E is applied inside the pore, and the strength is varied to cover the four characteristic force regimes depicted by a rederived scaling theory, namely the unbiased (UB) regime, the weakly- driven (WD) regime, the strongly-driven trumpet (SD(T)) regime and the strongly-driven isoflux (SD(I)) regime. By changing the chain length N, the mean translocation time is studied under the scaling form similar to (NE-delta)-E-alpha. The exponents alpha and delta are calculated in each force regime for the two studied salt cases. Both of them are found to vary with E and N and, hence, are not universal in the parameter's space. We further investigate the diffusion behavior of translocation. The subdiffusion exponent gamma(p) is extracted. The three essential exponents nu(s), q, z(p) are then obtained from the simulations. Together with gamma(p), the validness of the scaling theory is verified. Through a comparison with experiments, the location of a usual experimental condition on the scaling plot is pinpointed.

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