van der Waals Graphene Kirigami Heterostructure for Strain-Controlled Therma Transparency

Y Gao and BX Xu, ACS NANO, 12, 11254-11262 (2018).

DOI: 10.1021/acsnano.8b05868

Programming thermal transport across interfaces by engineering strain is of critical importance for exploring mechanical controllable and thermal manageable devices with multifunctionalities. Here, we report a van der Waals heterostructure that is composed of bilayer graphene kirigami with diverse layer cut patterns and assembly organizations and show that the thermal flow intensity across the van der Waals interfaces, named as thermal transparency, could be continuously regulated by applying an external in-plane tensile strain. The density of atomic interactions across the interfaces and the distribution of delocalized phonon modes in each graphene kirigami are elucidated to understand the underlying thermal transport mechanism and are also incorporated into a theoretical model for quantitative predictions of thermal conductance under mechanical strain. A proof-of-conceptual van der Waals graphene kirigami heterostructure by design is proposed and validated through extensive full-scale atomistic simulations on the feasibility and reliability of regulating the transparency ratio of thermal transport by mechanical strain, demonstrating its potential applications in thermal and electronic devices.

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